InfoBrief- May 19, 2003
InfoBrief is a weekly news summary of events in the U.S. and Colombia produced and distributed by the U.S. Office on Colombia. Colombia This Week is reproduced with the kind permission of the ABColombia Group in London. Other sources include U.S. and Latin American newspapers, and reports from non-profit and grassroots groups. The content does not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Office on Colombia. If you would like to receive InfoBrief please contact email@example.com indicating why you would be interested in this weekly news service.
U.S. Current Affairs & Media
* CODHES Reports 412,000 Displaced Last Year At a May 12 conference in Washington, the Colombian organization Consultancy for Human Rights and Displacement (CODHES) presented its annual report on internally displaced people (IDP), as well as a report on the situation in the predominantly Afro-Colombian province of Chocó. CODHES estimates that 412,000 people were internally displaced in Colombia last year, a 20% increase over 2001. According to CODHES, approximately 2,900,000 Colombians have been displaced since 1985. The report also shows that that Chocó had the highest rate of displacement in the country and that about one-third of IDPs last year were Afro-Colombian. The conference featured presentations by Dr. Francis Deng, the UN Secretary-Generals Representative on Internally Displaced Persons, as well as representatives of Afro-Colombian organizations, the Colombian Embassy, the U.S. Agency for International Development, the UN High Commissioner of Refugees and Catholic Relief Services. Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies and Lutheran World Relief sponsored the conference. More information on the event is available at http://www.lwr.org/news/03/051603.html#colombia and the full CODHES reports are online at http://www.codhes.org.co/.
* House Bill Would Require Reports on Colombian Governments Efforts to Pursue Paramilitaries The House International Relations Committee reported the Foreign Relations Authorization bill for FY 2004 and 2005 on May 16 and referred the bill to other committees for consideration of the relevant sections. The bill notes that reports of collaboration between the Colombian Armed Forces and paramilitary forces continue despite the $5 million in U.S. assistance for a military unit to pursue the paramilitaries. The legislation would require the State Department to report every 180 days on the Colombian governments efforts to capture and prosecute paramilitary leaders. The text of this section of the bill is online at http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/F?c108:1:./temp/~c108iSUxk9:e166199: and a summary of this and other sections relevant to Colombia is on the CIP webpage at http://www.ciponline.org/colombia/03050801.htm.
* New York Times Editorial Urges Bush to Monitor Rights in Colombia In a May 14 editorial, the New York Times encouraged the Bush Administration to support Colombia, but not unconditionally. The editorial warned that the Uribe Administration in Colombia has sought due-process shortcuts and that some military commanders maintain links to the paramilitaries. The Times expressed concern that the Administration may be tempted to disregard its legal responsibility to monitor Colombias human rights record closely and to withhold some aid if patterns of abuse emerge.
* UNs James LeMoyne Tells Guerrillas to Release, Not Exchange Civilians James LeMoyne, the UN special advisor for Colombia who last year played a key role in facilitating negotiations between the FARC guerrillas and Colombian government, said he would not help negotiate an exchange of captured guerrillas for civilians kidnapped by the FARC. In a public statement in Bogotá on May 10, he said, Free the hostages and then well sit down to talk about what is a possibility: the exchange of combatants, which has been carried out in many conflicts.
* ONDCP Announces 25% Decrease in Opium Cultivation in Colombia On May 9, the White Houses Office on National Drug Control Policy reported that approximately 12,103 acres were under opium poppy cultivation in Colombia in 2002, down from 15,932 the previous year. Using a new formula to determine the amount of heroin yielded by each acre of opium, ONDCP also revised its estimate of Colombian-produced heroin in 2001, indicating that Colombia accounted for a much larger percentage of heroin in the U.S. than previously reported.
* UNODC Finds Slight Increase in Coca Cultivation in Peru Last Year Following concerns of coca shifting from Colombia to Peru, the UN Office of Drugs and Crime stated on May 15 that last year coca cultivation increased in Peru 1% to 46,700 hectares. In March, the U.S. State Department reported an 8% increase in Peru for 2002.
Upcoming Events and Seminars in the U.S.
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Colombia This Week is reproduced with the kind permission of the ABColombia Group in London
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